Pique your curiosity about the microscopic world with these fun experiments.
Whether it’s your kids within the age of 4-10 who are just starting to discover the intricacies of Mother Nature wonders of science or high school and college-going students who have biology courses,
These experiments will not only help as a studying aid but also help develop an appreciation for science which can encourage them to seek out a career in this field.
Microscope experiments are a great way to gain more knowledge about a world often overlooked and unknown, especially if you are a hobbyist who likes to spend time researching and learning.
These beginner microscope experiments are easy to follow, inexpensive to carry out both at home or in school, and are the perfect solution for boredom.
Experiments for Little Kids
The following experiments are a great way to develop your child’s interest in the world of science while simultaneously having fun and having a great time.
These experiments will not only serve as a learning experience but broaden their perspective.
Spider Web Experiment
The first experiment that you can conduct with your child can easily be done in your house.
All you need is to find a complete spider web, clear nail polish, and a glass slide along with a coverslip.
Any beginner’s compound microscope with at least 100x of total magnification will suffice to conduct this experiment.
Once you have located an appropriate spider web, ask your kids to observe its shape as each web is different.
Prepare the slide by applying a thin layer of clear nail polish, place the slide in the web’s center, and pull the slide towards you.
Quickly place the slide cover and gently press it down. After the web is extracted, the next step is to look through the slide with your kids through the microscope.
The kids will be able to see many shiny silver-like threads up close.
Type Of Microscope Used for Little Kids
If you want to use an electron microscope, you will notice that each strand will appear much thicker and more detailed.
This experiment will help our child learn more about spiders and their ability to spin silk without making the ordeal boring.
Rather it will encourage them to research more about them and see how each spider web is different depending on the species of spider.
Experiments for Students
High school students who have biology often have concepts about different botanical and biological cell structures in their curriculum.
Sticking to illustrations and diagrams can make the whole ordeal dull; a more effective way to enhance their learning is by providing them with hands-on experience.
They will not only be able to remember the concepts better, but it can help them practice working on microscopes and preparing slides.
Onion Epidermis Experiment
Instruct your students or if you are a scholar and want to experiment yourself to prepare a wet mount slide.
You can do this by placing a few drops of water on the slide then use a knife to cut the onion after peeling it.
Next, with the help of tweezers, peel of a transparent, thin membrane from the cut pieces and place it on the slide.
You can use methylene blue to stain the slide as it will make the cell structures more visible.
Type of Microscope Used for Students
After placing the coverslip on the slide, mount it on a compound microscope with a magnification of 450x.
You can notice that the cell structure has a cell wall and are rectangular. The cells also have a dark nucleus and vacuole in the center.
When compared with the cheek cells of humans, students can figure out how animal and plant cells are different in terms of structure and shape.
Experiments for Hobbyists
Here’s an interesting experiment to find out more about the different types of bacteria that make up the yogurt you so love to eat.
Not just that, this experiment will also give you a perspective on how to stain and unstained slides can change the view of your observations, and most importantly, you will learn a completely new thing.
Put a drop of distilled water onto the slide, and with the help of a cotton swab, put in a small amount of yoghurt on top of the slide.
After placing the coverslip on the smear, mount it to a compound microscope with at least 200x magnification.
Prepare another slide and smear dilute yoghurt onto the slide and wait for it to air dry.
When a thin film is formed, pass it over some heat three times and add a drop of methylene blue on the sample slide. After, two minutes cover it with a coverslip.
Type of Microscope Used for Hobbyists
The aim would be to see two different types of bacteria, Lactobacillus Bulgaricus (rod-shaped) and Streptococcus Thermophilus (spherical) in the compound microscope.
However, you will notice that on the unstained slide, you will only be able to see clusters of rod-like organisms.
On the other hand, the stained slides will enable you to see more detailed structures of both types of bacteria, either as single cells or clusters.
Put your microscopes to good use and have fun conducting these experiments.
Whether it’s learning about spider webs, cell structures, or preparing slides, you are bound to have fun yourself or with your kids and students making for a memorable experience that you will always remember and cherish.
Not only are the items required convenient and easy to obtain, but the experiment is not complicated, so even a tenderfoot can perform them without any hassle.
I hope you have an enjoyable experience that serves as a great way to learn new things.